Mobility can be described as the meeting of motor control (the ability to express ideal biomechanics – essentially the technique involved with the movement) and range of motion (the distance a joint can move in a given direction). It is dependent on the ability to actively control your body through a full range of motion. If you are unable to control the body through a full range of motion, it is likely that the body will compensate to allow you to achieve the desired position, however, these compensations are usually unfavourable compared to the optimal position. This is different to flexibility in the sense that flexibility is the ability of a muscle to lengthen and mobility is the active range of motion possible at a joint.
Mobility can be improved by developing motor control and by increasing range of motion, it is important to combine the two as they each have some effect on the other. A joint will be unable to reach its optimal range if there is a restriction within the joint or in the issue surrounding the joint, despite sufficient motor control and with a lack of motor control comes a higher risk of injury and the inability to achieve full active range of motion. Various methods of improving mobility are available but unfortunately there is no ‘one size fits all’ prescription to fix mobility issues. Self-myofascial release using a foam roller or a trigger point ball and assisted stretching using a power band to distract the joint are widely advocated amongst experts. If you would like to be assessed for mobility and undergo a functional movement screen, please contact Absolute Balance at firstname.lastname@example.org or head to our website for more information www.absolutebalance.com.au