Testosterone is a hormone produced in the body that stimulates the development of male secondary sexual characteristics and is essential for normal reproductive and sexual function. It is also important for overall health as it helps the growth of bones and muscles. Testosterone deficiency occurs when the body is not able to make enough testosterone to function normally. This deficiency is usually due to some malfunction of the testes or hypothalamus-pituitary glands and affects about one in 200 men under the age of 60 years. This deficiency is usually under-diagnosed and many men are missing out on the benefits of treatment such as exercise. When the male body becomes deficient in testosterone, the body can exhibit symptoms such as mood changes or low mood, poor concentration, low energy, reduced muscle strength, increased body fat, and osteoporosis, to name a few.
Testosterone levels in men are highest between the ages of 20 and 30 years, and as men age, there is a small, gradual drop in testosterone levels. In some cases, men aged between 30 and 80 years will experience a reduction in testosterone levels by up to one third of the highest value experienced in their 20’s. Some men, usually about one in 10, will have a greater drop in testosterone levels as they age, this is especially prevalent when they are obese or have other chronic (long-term) pathologies. However, older, healthy men with normal body weight who lead active lifestyles may not experience any deficits in testosterone levels.
Exercise is considered like medicine, and is known to have a positive impact on maintaining healthy hormone levels, especially testosterone. Exercise can not only assist in improving the health and wellbeing of these males, but can also have a positive impact on the symptomatic changes the body goes through when experiencing testosterone deficit. This results in improved quality of life and physiological function.
Please consult your GP if you have any concerns regarding this deficiency and for more information or testing. If you are experiencing low testosterone levels and would like assistance in improving your health and wellbeing, please contact the team at Absolute Balance by emailing firstname.lastname@example.org or visit our website www.absolutebalance.com.au for more blogs like this one.
Luke Bell (B.Sc. Exercise and Sports Science, B.Sc. Exercise Science and Rehabilitation)
Exercise Consultant – Accredited Exercise Physiologist (AEP) (ESSAM)