Groin Injury and Prescribed Exercise Rehabilitation

A groin injury is a strain or tear of the inner aspect of the thigh, known as the adductor muscles. This kind of injury is usually caused by sudden movements such as kicking, twisting and sudden change of direction. Groin injuries are commonly sustained in elite and recreational sporting activities such as soccer, ice hockey, gymnastics and football. Management , diagnosis and treatment of groin injuries has been identified as complex. This is mainly due to the many anatomical structures surrounding the hip and groin area that are prone to injury.

There are some other risk factors that can increase the likelihood of an athlete sustaining a groin injury. These include weakness and imbalance of muscles in the Hip region, previous injury to the area, and level of experience within the sport. There are many sport specific training techniques that can contribute to a groin injury which can lack core strength and stability.

Usually conservative treatment is recommended, however on rare occasions surgery may be indicated in chronic cases or full tears of the muscle tendon. Implementation of prevention programs, stretching, exercise therapy and increasing range of motion of the hip joint has shown to be effective in reducing the risk of injury and positive rehabilitation outcomes. Other studies have proven that implementing an exercise program involving resistance, stability and mobility exercises is more beneficial than conventional physiotherapy treatment. An Accredited Exercise Physiologist can assist by prescribing a tailored program to the individual with the main focus of reducing the risk of potential injury, strengthening the groin area and correcting muscle imbalances. Through exercise we can minimise and prevent further risks associated to any injury.

 

Katie Lintott 

Accredited Exercise Physiologist (AEP) (ESSAM)

References:

  1. Nicholas SJ, Tyler TF. Adductor muscle strains in sport. Sports Med. 2002;32(5):339-344. doi:10.2165/00007256-200232050-00005
  2. Sherman B, Chahla J, Hutchinson W, Gerhardt M. Hip and Core Muscle Injuries in Soccer. Am J Orthop (Belle Mead NJ). 2018;47(10):10.12788/ajo.2018.0094. doi:10.12788/ajo.2018.0094
  3. Tyler TF, Nicholas SJ, Campbell RJ, Donellan S, McHugh MP. The effectiveness of a preseason exercise program to prevent adductor muscle strains in professional ice hockey players. Am J Sports Med. 2002;30(5):680-683. doi:10.1177/03635465020300050801